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Saab 900 History

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900 History

Reprinted from Saab Soundings
Vintage Views is a Saab Soundings feature dedicated to the history,
preservation, and enjoyment of early Saab automobiles and their
derivatives. Through this column, we will share with you the tradition
and heritage that has become synonymous with the name Saab.


Saab 900 Spotter's Guide: Charting The Changes

The name Saab, an acronym for Svenska Aeroplar Aktiebolaget (or, "Swedish
Airplane Company"), conjures up an image or brand identity unlike any
other in the automotive world.

Saab's special spirit has been an integral part of the marque since the
birth of the innovative and idiosyncratic Saab 92. As a result of
Trollhattan's aircraft-inspired engineering philosophy--which focused on
continuous improvement long before it became fashionable-- this spirit
soon manifested itself throughout the entire Saab 93/95/96 and 97 (Sonett)
model range. The Saab "soul" was further perpetuated by the popular Saab
99, but with more than 340,000 sold on these shores, the name Saab is truly
synonymous with the designation 900.

The Saab 900 was introduced in 1978 as a 1979 model and, at the time,
marked "the culmination of the most ambitious development ever undertaken"
by the Swedish automaker. It was an extension of the new car concept
created by the Saab 99--literally, the new 900 was 8.4 inches longer--and
boasted a complete redesign from the front seats forward.

With the introduction of the all-new 1994 Saab 900, it's only appropriate
that we celebrate the unprecedented success of the original 900 series.
Come with us then, as we accelerate down memory lane--in full turbo boost,
of course--and chart the major changes of the legendary Saab 900.

As the 1979 900 introductory advertising proclaimed, the then-new Saab 900
offered "The New Look of Performance." At the time, it was the longest,
sleekest Saab ever-- Saab passenger car, that is.

Model Year 1979 900 U.S. Importation--11,297:

The Saab 900 was introduced in a variety of 115 Hp (110 Hp westem and Rocky
Mountain states), naturally-aspirated and 135 Hp, turbocharged
models--which included three-door GLi, EMS and 900 Turbo variants, along
with the 900 GLE and Turbo 5-doors. An optional automatic transmission
was available on all models except the Turbos. Low and high-spec versions
were distinguished by different front grilles.

Model Year 1980 900 U.S. Importation--12,906:

Saab 900 Turbo models benefitted from a five-speed, manual trans-
mission, which was also added as a running change for the 900 EMS. A
mini-spare and plastic fuel tank were specified for all cars, necessitating
changes to the trunk floor.

New front seats with improved backrests and adjustable head restraints were
offered in all variants, and 1980 models are easily identified by their new
double rear light clusters. By 1980, all naturally-aspirated models were
powered by the 110 Hp, "Lambda" emission control engine which required
unleaded fuel only. A five-door Touring Package Option was added, which
included metric TRX wheels and tires, air conditioning sunroof,
electrically-controlled outside mirrors and rear headrests. Automatic
transmission availability was expanded, and all models were now graced by
the stylish, high-spec grille.

A point of historic interest: the Saab 99--which was offered concurrently
with the Saab 900--was dropped after the 1980 model year in the U.S. market.

In 1981, a new 900 four-door sedan replaced the five-door hatchback in the
U.S. market. The distinctive TRX wheel and tire combination is easily

Model Year 1981 900 U.S. Importation--7,759:

For 1981, the big news was the replacement of all 900 five-door hatchback
models in the U.S. by the four-door sedan. In addition, the new "H" engine
bowed. It featured a camdriven distributor and belt driven water pump.
Model designations were simplified, and badging became simply 900, 900S or
900 Turbo. The TRX wheel and tire combination was expanded for all 900S
and 900 Turbo models, and the five-speed manual transmission became

New exterior mirrors and wider lower body side mouldings were also added as
standard equipment.

Model Year 1982 900 U.S. Importation--16,946:

New for '82 was the debut of advanced, Pirelli P8 low rolling resistance
tires, except for the 900 Turbo three-door which returned to Pirelli P6's.
The four-door sedan became available in a "base" 900 trim level. TRX wheels
and tires were abandoned in favor of conventional, 15inch designs,
including a new 24spoke alloy version.

During the summer of 1982, 400 25-Year Anniversary 900 Turbo sedans were
brought to the U.S.-- all in Slate Blue metallic with manual transmissions.
These limited edition four-doors were further distinguished with Slate
Blue, color-keyed alloy wheels and front spoiler, a black rear spoiler,
upgraded Sony stereo, deeppile Sierra Tan carpet mats and an appropriate
25th Anniversary steering wheel emblem and key fob.

Also during mid-year, 1982 Saab 900 Turbos benefited from the revo-
lutionary Automatic Performance Control (APC) system, which controlled
turbocharger boost pressure as a function of fuel quality.

Model Year 1983 900 U.S. Importation--22,777:

The quickest way to identify a 1983 Saab 900 is by its new front parking
lights, which were integrated within the headlamp bezels. Front and rear
bumpers gained a wider decor strip, and a protective belt line molding was
added to the bodyside. Inside, the center console was restyled, as was the
parking brake handle. Saab's greatest innovation for 1983 was the
specification of environmentallyfriendly, asbestos-free brake pads.

By winter, Saab delivered an optional Exclusive Appointments Group for 900
Turbo models, which included leather seating surfaces, a front console, an
electric sunroof and standard fog lights.

Model Year 1984 900 U.S. Importation--31,638:

Model year 1984 was a year of further refinements for the Saab 900. The
updated parking lights introduced the year before were now joined by a
redesigned grille. Bumper extensions were added to the bodysides. The 900
logo disappeared for one year from the rear of the Turbos. The 900 Turbo
models also sported a new, three-spoke steering wheel and the Exclusive
Appointment Group front console as standard equipment, while a new
exhaust system was specified as well.

Model Year 1985 900 U.S. Importation--38,720:

Major product news in 1985 came with the introduction of the 16 valve,
Turbo engine. Rated at 160 Hp, the new engine included such advances as LH
fuel injection and hydraulic valve lifters. A new wheel program was
introduced, including a 15-spoke alloy design for the Turbo, and 1985 was
the year when the then-new Griffin corporate symbol first graced the hood
of the Saab 900.

The Saab product line was revved up even further with the introduction of
the 900 Turbo threedoor with Special Performance Group. Affectionately
known as the "SPG", though never officially designated as such, chassis
improvements included front and rear sway bars, recalibrated gas-filled
shocks and V-rated Pirelli P6 tires. Easily recognized by its aerodynamic
side skirts and three-spoke alloy wheels, leather upholstery, fog lights
and an electric sunroof rounded out the package. All badging was
removed--except for the Saab logo.

By Spring, a 900S two-door sedan was added to the range. While originally
intended as a throwback to the 99 EMS for the U.S. market, it instead
featured an equipment level which was equivalent to the 900S three and
four-door models, except that it enjoyed the upgraded Turbo seats and front

This is the 900 Turbo Convertible as it originally appeared in the U.S.
during the surnmer of 1986. Each dealer only received one.

Model Year 1986 900 U.S. Importation--36,973:

The 900S gained a naturally aspirated, 125 Hp version of the 16 valve
engine. In the U.S., the 900 Turbo Convertible added great excitement to
the Saab line--a Silver model was supplied to each dealer that summer. All
900 Turbos received ventilated front disc brakes, along with SPG
stabilizer bars. Perhaps the quickest way to identify a 1986 Saab 900 was
by its small, sidemounted tum indicator lights located behind the front
wheels on the fender, along with its high-mounted rear stop light.

Model Year 1987 900 U.S. Importation--36,194:

The 1987 Saab 900 is easily distinguished by its many styling changes,
technical upgrades and equipment additions. All models received a front
and rear facelift with flushmounted headlights, new parking light
clusters, a chrome grille, wraparound bumpers and an integrated front

The 900S received the ventilated front discs and stabilizer bars from the
Turbo, and the Exclusive Appointment Group was redesignated Leather Package
(since the electric sunroof was now standard on all Turbo models.) The
Special Performance Group gained 5 Hp, requiring premium unleaded fuel,
and an even more aggressive, lowered suspension was added. The 900S
threedoor was the first Saab to feature motorized front seat belts, in
compliance with passive restraint phasein requirements. The 900S
two-door was dropped, but 900 Convertible production came on full steam.
Model Year 1988 900 U.S. Importation--28,321:

In the interest of improved durability, a water-cooled turbocharger was
specified for the 900 Turbo in 1988. All 1988 models benefitted from the
new Saab 9000 braking system, while electrically heated, exterior power
mirrors were added to all variants except the entry level Saab 900 model.
Wider wheel arch moldings distinguished the popular Special Performance

By mid-year, motorized front seat belts were added to 900 Turbo three-door
models to comply with the passive restraint phase-in requirements. The
package included a knee bolster and a four-spoke steering wheel.

Saab dealers enjoyed the springtime in Sweden, and a special edition of
the 900 Turbo Convertible black with SPG trim, was commissioned in honor
of the event.

Model Year 1989 900 U.S. Importation--24,490:

In response to dealer demand, the 900 Turbo four-door sedan was
reintroduced to the U.S. model range. The 16 valve engine--now at 128 Hp in
naturally-aspirated form--was standard throughout the entire 900 series for
1989, as were stabilizer bars and gas shocks.

By 1990, the 900 Turbo three-door with Special Performance Group evolved
into what can be best described as the classic stealth Saab. Output was up
to 175 Hp, and like all 900s for 1990, a driver's-side air bag and
antl-lock braking (ABS) were standard After the next mode1 year, the SPG
was deleted

Model Year 199O 900 U.S. Importation--14,561:

Major technical advances introduced in 1990 ensured that the 900 would
remain a competitive force. Anti-lock braking (ABS) was now standard on all
cars, including the entry level 900. A driver's-side air bag was also added
to all models, and motorizedbelts were consequently deleted. Buyers who
stepped up to the 900S were provided with leather seating surfaces,
electric sunroof and standard fog lights. Power went up to 175 Hp on the
900 Turbo with Special Performance Group.

Model Year 1991 900 U.S. Importation--15,440

The naturally-aspirated, 16 valve engine in the 900 and 900S was enlarged
from 2.0 to 2.1-Liter, and power increased to 140 Hp for 1991. Both models
also received the Turbo-style black window trim. Headlight wipers and
washers were added to all Saabs for the American market, as were 9000-style
front seats. For spring, two new versions of the extremely successful 900
Convertible were added. A Special Edition Turbo in Platana Grey metallic or
Monte Carlo Yellow was offered, and both included SPG exterior trim.

More significantly, a naturallyaspirated 900S version of the Con-
vertible was added and sales soared.

Model Year 1992 900 U.S. Importation--14,829:

Look to the wheels and you'll easily distinguish the 1992 Saab 900. A
three-spoke, asymmetric alloy design was offered on 900 Turbo models, while
900S variants rolled on a new 15-spoke alloy style. The 900 continued to
feature steel wheels, but aesthetics were improved with a new 16-spoke,
full wheel cover. More readable instrument graphics gave the 900 series a
cleaner instrument panel appearance.

900 Convertibles were easily identified by a new, wraparound rear spoiler,
which extended forward to the A-pillars. In the spring, tan and blue
Convertible tops were added to supplement black. The 900 Turbo with Special
Performance Group was deleted from the program.

Model Year 1993 900 U.S. Importation--9,936:

For the second time in its U.S. history, the 900 nomenclature was
reformulated for easier identification. Since the specification levels
were now closer than ever, the 900 designation was dropped. The 900S was
now offered at the lower 900 price point and included velour upholstery
as standard equipment. Leather became an option.

In the spring, a 900 Turbo Commemorative Edition was offered. This special
Saab was only available as a three-door Turbo with a manual transmission,
in black, of course. With 185 Hp it was the highestperforming 900 ever,
and along with an improved suspension, it became the quintessential Saab
900 Turbo. Only 325 examples were produced, each one numbered with a Com-
memorative Edition plaque. All included a wooden instrument panel facia
and special alloy wheels with polished outer rims and gray centers.

1994 Model Year

While 1994 will be best remembered as the year of the allnew 900, the
model launch includes a five-door hatchback variant only. The first-senes
900S and 900 Turbo Convertibles therefore soldier on. Introduced in May of
1993 as 1994 models, buyers had the opportunity to get into a '94
Convertible months before the popular soft-tops would normally be

Starting late in the summer, all 1994 900 Turbo Convertibles featured the
wooden instrument panel fascia as standard equipment.

In the "Saab Scene" section of this issue you'll find details on a final
900 Turbo Convertible Commemorative Edition which was introduced in
September. Like the threedoor Commemorative, this special Convertible is
powered by the 185 Hp Turbo engine with a manual fivespeed transmission.
It includes the Commemorative alloy wheels and wooden instrument panel
fascia. It is available only with special black metallic paint, tan top and
tan leather upholstery--highlighted by charcoal piping. A total of 500
Commemorative Edition 900 Turbo Convertibles will be imported.

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