Date: Fri, 26 Jan 2007 16:54:30 GMT
From: "Craig" <>
Subject: Re: Classic Saab 900 won't pass smog test

What causes high NOx (nitric oxide)? High NOx is caused by high combustion temperatures and pressures. Problems that can cause high NOx include: * An inoperative EGR system. The EGR system was designed specifically to reduce NOx; that's it's only function. The EGR, which stands for Exhaust Gas Recirculation, allows exhaust gas to enter the combustion chamber through the intake. The exhaust gas has a cooling effect on the combustion chamber. * Over advanced ignition timing. The more advanced the ignition timing, the higher the combustion chamber temperatures. * Overheating. If the engine temperature is too high the NOx emissions will go up. * Lean air/fuel mixture. If the air/fuel mixture is too lean the combustion temperature will go up. * Compression over specification. Normally when we think of engines aging we think of the compression going down. However, there are a couple of ways the compression can increase as the engine is used. One is carbon buildup on the tops of the pistons. When carbon forms on the tops of the pistons, the combustion chamber area decreases and the compression ratio increases. The carbon can be manually scraped off the tops of the piston to correct this problem, but that would require disassembling the engine. * Mysterious reasons. Sometimes NOx is too high and there's no obvious cause: the EGR works, the timing and advance work normally, the engine temperature is within range, the air fuel mixture is good, and the compression is within spec.. When this happens you can try a little tweaking. If there are two thermostats listed for the car, use the cooler one. If there are two spark plugs listed for the car, use the cooler one. Retard the timing 2 degrees (the maximum allowed). Clear out the EGR passage even if the passage seems fine. Cross your fingers. -- Remove My_Skin to E-mail me. DNESBET wrote: > Has anyone had experience with getting a Saab 900 to pass a > California smog test? My car (a 1990 900 non-turbo) is testing high > for Nox. Last year we got it to pass by replacing the air mass > meter. Any suggestions for what would be the next thing to try? > (catalytic convertor or oxygen sensor?) I'm trying to sell the car > so I need to figure this out so that I can put it on the market. > The car has about 120k miles and starts and runs fine. Thanks for > any ideas. David in SF

Return to Main Index

The content on this site may not be republished without permission. Copyright © 1988-2020 - The Saab Network -
For usage guidelines, see the Mission and Purpose Page.
[Contact | Site Map | on Facebook | on Twitter | Shop Amazon via TSN | Site Donations]